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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2109\margr4461\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3780\margrsxn4472\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw2275\colsr1451\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb18\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 AS~OKA'S? SUCCESSORS}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 179}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2109\margrsxn4461\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb227\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw12\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 mighty hands, the fortunes of the Mautya dynasty \expndtw10 began to suffer decline. Traditions regarding his \expndtw5 successors are discrepant, but one thing seerns to be certain, that none of them rose to the stature of Asoka. \expndtw4 Of his sons, Tlvara alone is named in the edicts, and \expndtw2 perhaps he predeceased his father as he is not heard of \expndtw10 subsequently. Another, Jalauka, who was a Saiva, \expndtw1 appears from the \i 'Kdjatarangim \i0 to have become inde\-\expndtw9 pendent in Kashmir after Asoka's death. The third, \expndtw13 Kunala (SuyaSas?), ruled for eight years according \expndtw6 to the \i Vayu Purana, \i0 but in the Southern works he is \expndtw13 passed over as a blind man. Thus our information \expndtw6 about the sons of Asoka is extremely vague. The \i\expndtw1 AJokdvadana, \i0 on the other hand, would have us believe that on account of his lavish benefactions to the \i Samgha \i0\expndtw4 A\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 oka was compelled by the ministers to abdicate in favour of his grandson Samprati (son of the blinded \expndtw1 Kunala\super 1\nosupersub ). Legends aver that Sampadi or Samprati was a \expndtw3 great patron of Jainism who had his seat of government \expndtw2 at Ujjain. The \i Vayu \i0 and the \i Matsya Pwdnas, \i0 however, \expndtw7 testify that he was preceded by another grandson of \expndtw2 As"oka, named Da&utatha. That the latter was an his\-\expndtw1 torical reality is also proved by the Nagarjuni cave ins\-\expndtw2 criptions, which record his dedications to the Ajivikas. \expndtw7 Vincent Smith tries to reconcile this divergent testi\-\expndtw5 mony by suggesting that after Asoka there was a par\-\expndtw10 tition of the empire\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 DaSaratha getting the eastern \expndtw7 part and Samprati the western.\super 2\nosupersub  But this view is not \expndtw0 borne out by the evidence available, for in some Jain ver\-\expndtw11 sions Samprati is described as the sovereign of all \expndtw4 India, having his court at Pataliputra and not at Ujjain. \expndtw3 What, therefore, appears to us a fact is that both DasV \expndtw4 ratha and Samprati had an historical existence, and that}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li50\fi364\ri0\sb248\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx533 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw5 It is said that Kunala, so called because of the beauty of his\line \expndtw1 eyes, was blinded as a result of the jealousy and machinations of his\line \expndtw2 step-mother, Tisyaraksita.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li414\fi0\ri0\sb4\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx533 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw8 EJ-IJ., 4th ed., p. 203.}\par }